by Matthew D. Jessup on December 17, 2010
Last night, the House of Representatives followed the earlier action of the Senate and approved significant tax legislation that, among other things, failed to include an extension of the Build America Bond (BAB) Program. The BAB Program automatically expires on December 31, 2010, and tax legislation was the last chance for a stay of execution. The BAB Program allowed governmental issuers to issue taxable bonds to finance tax-exempt capital projects and receive a 35% (or in some cases 45%) interest subsidy from the Federal government.
Based on the very scientific “by show of hands” survey I conducted last month at the League of Municipalities, governmental issuers in New Jersey won’t be mourning the death of BABs for long. Very few municipalities issued BABs, and the few that did are still (a) wondering whether they saved money compared to issuing traditional tax-exempt bonds and (b) holding their breath that the Federal government makes good on its promise to pay the subsidy for the next 20 or 30 years.
What municipalities should mourn is the reversion of the “Bank Qualification” limit from $30 million back to $10 million. Originally created in 1986, the $10 million limitation had never been increased based on inflation or regionalization, until 2009 when it was increased to $30 million pursuant to the legislation creating BABs. Tax legislation was needed to prevent the decrease back to $10 million at the end of the year.
Banks buying “Bank Qualified” debt are allowed to deduct 80% of the cost of borrowing and holding such debt issued by governmental issuers that issue no more than (for now) $30 million of tax-exempt debt each year. When banks have access to less expensive capital, those savings are passed down to the municipal issuers. On any given day, bank qualification can mean as many as 50 basis points or more in savings.
Rather than issue Build America Bonds, a significant number of New Jersey issuers took advantage of the limitation increase to $30 million and issued bank qualified debt in 2009 and 2010. The increase in the limitation was long overdue and provided critical debt service relief to municipalities. It is unfortunate that Congress couldn’t separate its dislike for BABs from the benefits of a higher bank qualification limit, so that the latter could continue. Heading into the worst budget year they have ever seen, local governments needed this valuable benefit.
by Matthew D. Jessup on November 29, 2010
There I was on the Saturday morning after Thanksgiving, enjoying a cup of coffee and reading my local newspaper, when an open letter from Cranford, New Jersey’s Mayor-Elect Dan Ashenbach caught my attention. Addressed to Governor Chris Christie and Senator Tom Kean, Jr., the Mayor-Elect pleads that a majority of the service fee paid by Cranford (and eight other member municipalities) to the Rahway Valley Sewerage Authority (RVSA) be treated outside the new 2 percent cap on annual property tax increases in New Jersey.
The new 2 percent cap does allow certain municipal costs to be raised outside the cap, including “amounts to be raised by taxation for capital expenditures, including debt service as defined by law.” As the Mayor-Elect points out, approximately 85% of the service fee paid by Cranford to the RVSA is for Cranford’s share of debt service on RVSA Bonds, originally issued to finance $275 million in capital expenditures.
The concept of a municipality pledging its unlimited taxing power to pay debt service on a constituent government entity’s bonds and notes is not new. Regional and municipal sewerage authorities, utilities authorities and other government agencies have for decades issued bonds to fund capital projects, secured by the unlimited taxing power of the localities benefitting from the capital projects. This legal arrangement is wrapped up in an agreement between the authority and the municipality called a “service contract”, “deficiency agreement” or other similar agreement and allows the authority to sell bonds at interest rates significantly lower than bonds sold without the municipal promise-to-pay. In the event of an authority shortfall in revenues, the municipality makes service contract payments to the authority, a portion of which pays debt service on the authority bonds and a portion of which pays for the authority’s current expenses, such as authority staff salaries.
The NJ Division of Local Government Services (Division) has consistently taken the position, under both the old 4 percent cap law and the new 2 percent cap law, that the payments made by municipalities to authorities and necessary to satisfy authority debt service requirements constitute “debt service” and are outside the cap. The arrangement between the RVSA and its nine member municipalities should be treated no differently.
The solution here is simple. The RVSA should divide the service fee into two components – a debt service component and an operating component – and send the member municipalities a bill reflecting the two payment amounts. The member municipalities can then raise the debt service component in their municipal budgets outside the 2 percent cap, and the operating component inside the cap, the same way a municipality would treat a service contract payment. The Division (and the Governor and Senator) would be honoring both the spirit and letter of the law by allowing the RVSA member municipalities to bifurcate the payment into “inside” and “outside” the cap payments.
by Matthew D. Jessup on November 19, 2010
Earlier this week, I joined hundreds of mayors, administrators, finance officers and others in attending a session at the New Jersey League of Municipalities entitled, “Budget and Audit Updates – Understanding the Process”. The session was hosted by Clinton Mayor Christine Schaumburg and featured panelists Director Tom Neff, Marc Pfeiffer and Tina Zapicchi, all of the Division of Local Government Services (Division) and Leon Costello, a municipal auditor from Ford-Scott & Associates.
The session focused on the new 2 percent cap on property tax increases and its impact on municipal 2011 budgets. The 2 percent cap law contains exceptions for amounts that can be raised “outside” the 2 percent cap, including an exception for “amounts to be raised by taxation for capital expenditures, including debt service as defined by law.” During the session, an audience member asked whether lease payments made by municipalities for the lease of police vehicles from dealers would be treated as “inside” or “outside” the 2 percent cap.
Tina Zapicchi responded that lease payments for police cars will be treated as inside the cap. Tina reiterated that only items that are allowed to be bonded under the Local Bond Law are eligible to meet the “capital expenditure” exception to the cap.
I believe this conclusion is incorrect, and have urged the Division to reconsider its position. First, the inability to bond for the acquisition of police cars is the result of an oversight in the law that needs to be fixed. The Local Bond Law allows municipalities and counties to bond for any capital project with a useful life of 5 years or more. It used to be that police cars could be leased only for a period of 3 years. But the Legislature in 2000 declared that police cars have a useful life of 5 years, by changing the Local Public Contracts Law to allow 5 year leases. In making that change, the Legislature inadvertently forgot to conform the Local Bond Law for consistency. Police cars are “capital expenditures” despite the current version of the Local Bond Law.
Second, municipal capital lease payments to improvement authorities are “debt service” and are outside the cap. Many municipalities lease police cars and other capital items through improvement authority bond financings. These “capital lease” financings have the improvement authority issuing bonds, using the bond proceeds to acquire the police cars and leasing the police cars to the municipality. The municipality, in turn, makes capital lease payments to the improvement authority equal to the debt service on the improvement authority bonds.
The method by which municipalities and counties finance their police cars should not impact the issue of whether the lease payments are inside or outside the cap. Police cars are capital items and the lease payments are debt service – a perfect fit for the outside-the-cap exception.
by Matthew D. Jessup on October 21, 2010
The New Jersey Legislature recently enacted P.L. 2010, c.44, better known as the 2 Percent Property Tax Levy Cap Law, or the 2 Percent Cap. The law is Governor Chris Christie’s attempt to bring property tax relief to the long-overtaxed residents of New Jersey.
The 2 Percent Cap prevents New Jersey municipalities from raising property taxes by more than 2 percent every year. The law does provide five exceptions to the 2 Percent Cap: (1) amounts required to be raised by taxation for capital expenditures, including debt service, (2) increases in pension contributions in excess of 2 percent, (3) increases in health care costs in excess of 2 percent (but no higher than the increase of the State Health Benefits Program), (4) extraordinary costs resulting from a declared emergency and (5) amounts approved by simple majority of voters voting at a special election.
The 2 Percent Cap will have a severe impact on municipal budgets in 2011. Whether Governor Christie’s 33-bill “toolkit” is approved by the Legislature and provides the assistance that municipalities desperately need in order to comply with the 2 Percent Cap remains to be seen. One thing is for sure: in the coming weeks and months, there will be countless questions asked regarding what expenses will be limited by, or “inside”, the 2 Percent Cap and what expenses will qualify as exclusions, or be “outside” the 2 Percent Cap.
As these questions are raised, debated and answered, we will keep you updated here.
by Matthew D. Jessup on June 1, 2010
The Securities and Exchange Commission has adopted amendments to Rule 15c2-12 that impact all issuers of municipal bonds and notes. The amendments to the secondary market disclosure rule apply to all bonds and notes issued on or after December 1, 2010. However, given that issuers adopt a bond or form and sale resolution weeks or months in advance of issuing obligations, it is important to think about these changes now.
The following is a summary of the amendments: